Carlos M. Duarte

Ibn Sina Distinguished Professor, Marine ScienceTarek Ahmed Juffali Research Chair in Red Sea Ecology

Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering Division
Center membership :
Red Sea Research Center Computational Bioscience


Education Profile

  • Ph.D., McGill University, Montreal, Canada, 1987
  • B.Sc., Biology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain, 1982

Research Interests

Prof. Carlos Duarte is a world-wide leader in multiple branches of biological oceanography and marine ecology. He established himself very early in his career as the world-wide leading authority on the ecology of seagrass meadows. He published on all aspects of seagrass ecology, from population biology to genetics, from depth and geographical distribution patterns to their role in biogeochemical cycles, and from conservation strategies to their sensitivity towards climate change. Prof. Carlos Duarte is probably the most versatile aquatic ecologist of his generation: he works from the tropics to polar ecosystems, from macrophytes to microbes, from coastal systems to open ocean gyres using all type of approaches. Many of his synthesis papers have set the stage for the field; e.g. his work initiated the discussion on the heterotrophic nature of oligotrophic systems and identified the role of hypoxia thresholds for marine biodiversity. His research is characterized by independence, creativity, serendipity and interdisciplinary linking, as well as the capacity to organize and collaborate with large interdisciplinary teams. Prof. Duarte's research is also characterized by versatility addressing marine ecosystems from the tropics to polar ecosystems, from macrophytes to microbes, and from coastal systems to open ocean gyres using a broad range of approaches.

Selected Publications

  • Unveiling the role and life strategies of viruses from the surface to the dark ocean E. Lara, D. Vaqué, E. Laia Sà, J.A. Boras, A. Gomes, E. Borrull, C. Díez-Vives, E. Teira, ... Sci. Adv., volume 3, no. 9, e1602565, (2017)
  • Long-range transport of airborne microbes over the global tropical and subtropical ocean Eva Mayol, Jesús M Arrieta, Maria A Jiménez, Adrián Martínez-Asensio, Neus Garcias-Bonet, ... Nature Communications 8, article number 201, (2017)
  • Fairy circle landscapes under the sea D. Ruiz-Reynés, D. Gomila, T. Sintes, E. Hernández-García, N. Marbà, C.M. Duarte Science Advances, volume 3, no. 8, e1603262, (2017)
  • Global patterns in mangrove soil carbon stocks and losses T.B. Atwood, R.M. Connolly, H. Almahasheer, P.E. Carnell, C.M. Duarte, C.J. Ewers Lewis, X... Nature Climate Change, 7, pp. 523-528, (2017)
  • Marine reserves can mitigate and promote adaptation to climate change C.M. Robertsa, B.C. O’Learya, D.J. McCauleyb, P.M. Curyd, C.M. Duartee, J. Lubchencof, D. ... PNAS, volume 114, no. 24, (2017)
  • Light penetration structures the deep acoustic scattering layers in the global ocean D.L. Aksnes, A. Røstad, S. Kaartvedt, U. Martinez, C.M. Duarte and X. Irigoien Science Advances : Vol. 3, no. 5, e1602468, (2017)
  • The Arctic Ocean as a dead-end for floating plastics in the North Atlantic branch of the thermohaline circulation A. Cozar, E. Martí, C.M. Duarte, J. García-de-Lomas, EE.rik van Sebille, T. J. Ballatore, ... Science Advances 3, no. 4, e1600582, (2017)
  • The ecology of human mobility. M.G. Meekan, C.M. Duarte, J. Fernández-Gracia, M. Thums, A.M.M. Sequeira, R. Harcourt, V.M... Trends in Ecology and Evolution, volume 32, issue 3, pp. 198-210, (2017)
  • Long photoperiods sustain high pH in Arctic kelp forests. D. Krause-Jensen, N. Marbà, M. Sanz-Martin, I. E. Hendriks, J. Thyrring, J. Carstensen, M... Science Advances, volume 2, no. 12, (2016)
  • Ecogenomics and potential biogeochemical impacts of globally abundant ocean viruses Roux, S., J. R. Brum, B. E. S. Roux, J.R. Brum, B.E. Dutilh, S. Sunagawa, M.B. Duhaime, ... Nature 537, 689-693, (2016)